MPEG-4 Visual

Please email any questions you have to our Q&A Department.

Q: What does the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License cover?
A: The MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License provides coverage for current MPEG-4 Visual Standard profiles that are covered by Portfolio patents. Included are simple, core, main, simple scalable, N-bit, basic animated texture, scalable texture, simple FA, advanced real time simple, core scalable, advanced coding efficiency, advanced core, advanced scalable texture, simple FBA, hybrid, advanced simple, fine granularity scalable, simple studio, and/or core studio profiles as defined in ISO/IEC 14496-2:2001 [Part 2 Visual dated 2001-12-01], 14496-2:2001/Amd.1:2002 [Studio profile dated 2002-02-01], or 14496-2:2001/Amd.2:2002 [Streaming video profile dated 2002-02-01].

Q: Who are the essential patent holders (“Licensors”) to the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License?
A: Click here.

Q: What are the obligations of the Licensors with regard to their essential MPEG-4 Visual patents?
A: Each Licensor is under an obligation to grant to MPEG LA a worldwide, nonexclusive license under all MPEG-4 Visual Essential Patents that it has the right to license or sublicense presently or in the future (without payment to any third party), enabling MPEG LA to grant worldwide, nonexclusive sublicenses under such patents under terms of the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License.

Q: What is the effect on Licensees when new patents are added to the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License?
A: New Licensors and new patents are added at no additional cost during the current Term of the License.

Q: Are all MPEG-4 Visual essential patents included?
A: No assurance is or can be made that the License includes every essential patent. The purpose of the License is to offer a convenient licensing alternative to everyone on the same terms and to include as much essential intellectual property as possible for their convenience. Participation in the License is voluntary on the part of essential patent holders, however.

Q: How may a patent holder become a Licensor to the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License?
A: Any party that believes it has patents which are essential to the MPEG-4 Visual Standard, and wishes to participate in the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License upon successful evaluation, is invited to submit them for evaluation and inclusion. Click here to obtain terms and procedures governing the patent submission process.

Q: How is the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License organized?
A: Click here for information.

Q: How are reasonable royalties apportioned throughout the product chain?
A: Rather than place the entire royalty in one place (e.g., on the decoder or encoder manufacturer), royalties are also payable at those parts of the product chain where value is received and those who receive the value can build the royalties into their business models. For example, encoder and decoder manufacturers pay royalties for the right to make and sell decoders and encoders, but video providers who receive remuneration for offering MPEG-4 video either directly (e.g., subscription or title-by-title fees) or indirectly (e.g., advertising or underwriting fees) pay a royalty for the right to use the decoders and encoders to receive and transmit the remunerated video. Where video is not offered for remuneration, however, no additional royalty is payable. Advertising or promoting one’s own products is not treated as a remunerated use for which royalties are payable; neither is personal consumer use (e.g., in connection with a video teleconference).

Q: What are the royalties for the MPEG-4 Visual Patent Portfolio License?
A: Royalties apply as defined in the License. Click here for information.

Q: Do the same licensing terms apply to all profiles of the MPEG-4 Visual Standard?
A: Yes, the same terms apply whether one or more profiles are used.